Ngamring County Overview
In Chinese: 昂仁县
In Pinyin: áng Rén Xiàn
Administrative Division Code : 542327
Post Code : 858500
Phone Area Code :0892
The Prefix of Motor Vehicle License Plate : 藏D
The Prefix of Citizen Identity Card Number: 542327
Area Coverage: 27600 square kilometers;
Population : 50,000 persons (by the end of 2010)
Seat of Government: Kaigang Town
Ngamring County is a county of Xigazê in the Tibet Autonomous Region. "Ngamring County, sometimes referred to as the gateway to Mount Kailash and Far West Tibet, is the barren area which divides the Raga Tsangpo and the Brahmaputra." The office place of the county is located in Kagar (卡嘎), population 1,700, at an elevation of 4,380 meters.
There are 2 major climatic zones in Ngamring County:
1.Southeast of river valley zone, it is warm, semi-arid climate with little wind, having an annual rainfall of 400 millimeters. The annually average temperature is 6.5°C, the hottest July is around 12°C.
2.Northwest of mountain area zone: it is cold, semi-arid climate, the annually temperature is under 4°C, having an annual rainfall of 300 millimeters.
Attractions of Ngamring County
· The Chung Riwoche Stupa: The Chung Riwoche Stupa is located on the north bank of the Brahmaputra. "A narrow iron bridge spans the river here, alongside an original iron-chain footbridge attributed to Tangtong Gyelpo," the founder of Tibetan opera, who was born in Ngamring County. "Legend has it that the iron chain bridge over the Xiongqoi River ... was built with funds collected by Tongdong Gyaibo through performances.”
· The Ralung Chutse Hot Spring: the Ralung Chutse hot spring, which has camping and a guest house.
· Zangzang Lhadrak Cave: Zangzang Lhadrak Cave in Ngamring County was where Padmasambhava hid the "Northern Treasures," which consisted of "a number of texts and various sacred objects in a maroon leather casket." These texts and objects were removed in 1366 by Vidyadhara Gödem, and became known as the Dzö Nga (mdzod lnga) or Five Treasuries. The "Northern Treasures" were taught at the Dorje Drak Monastery, and include the Künzang Gongpa Zangtha teachings, a collection of Dzogchen instructions.
· Ngamring Monastery(Ngamring Chöde): Ngamring Chöde produced many important scholars. It was founded in 1225 as a Sakya monastery when "the Ngamring ruler Drakpa Dar (Grags pa dar), also known as Yöntsun (Yon btsun), invited the Sakya master Shākya Sengé (Shākya seng ge) to Ngamring and founded the monastery there." It was later expanded by the governor Tai En Namkha Tenpa (Ta'i dben Nam mkha' brtan pa, b. 1316) with the assistance of his teacher, the Omniscient Dolpopa Sherab Gyaltsen (Dol po pa Shes rab rgyal mtshan, 1292-1361). The monastery also followed the Jonang and Bodongpa traditions. It became a Gelugpa monastery at the time of the 5th Dalai Lama. "Tangtong Gyalpo's teacher Ka Ngapa Paljor Sherab (Bka' lnga pa Dpal 'byor shes rab) was the ninth abbot."
· Thang Tong Gyalpo: builder of iron bridges and father of Tibetan opera.
· The charming grassland of Ngamring County, Xigaze Prefecture.
Xin-Zang highway(新藏公路) (219 national highway) is running through Ngamring County, this is the main road connected with the outside world. Kama road(卡玛线)(206 county highway) linked almost all the towns in Ngamring County, forming a road map of county - town - village.